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Aynosens and occupational therapy
Aynosens brand has worked closely with 2 occupational therapists in order to define the guidelines for children to hold the product but also to define appropriate and consistent age groups according to the stages of childhood.
Occupational therapists are experts in rehabilitation. They work with a wide audience, from infants to the elderly, providing solutions to disabilities in daily, professional and school life. This paramedical speciality is always carried out on medical prescription.
Therefore, Rémy Dupont and Louis Tersonniers, independent occupational therapists answered our questions.
Occupational therapy was part of the packaging thinking of Aynosens certified organic cosmetics for babies, children and teenagers.
How do children’s motor skills develop?
For younger children, many grips are achieved with the whole hand. This is the “palmar” grip with the palm of the hand.
This grip allows you to have the strength to properly hold an object. The thumb is opposed to the other fingers and the little finger locks the grip. The shape and size of the object are therefore essential to achieve such a hold.
Then, the kid becomes more independent. He can dress himself, eat cleanly with cutlery etc. He has much more dexterity, strength and perception of his body and of danger. The child can therefore use more complex grips such as the tridigital grip (3 fingers) which allows precision and strength.
Then around 10 years old, they are able to use and hold most “adult products” without putting themselves in danger.
The palmar grip makes it impossible to use pressure with the index finger, it’s only with the thumb. In addition, young children have more strength in the thumb than in other fingers.
It therefore seems relevant to favour palmar grip in order to give children more precision.
What are the stages of occupational therapy by age group?
In our case, for Aynosens products, we based our thinking on the children development stages of WALLON theory*. Indeed, between 2 and 5 years old, this is the stage of “personalism” when the child does not actively participate in the various activities. It is during the categorial stage between the ages of 6 and 11 that a child becomes capable of attention, effort and active participation in activities. From the age of 11, this is the stage of adolescence, with a readjustment of the body map and a change in personality development.
Occupational therapy from 0 to 5 years old: Early childhood / Kindergarten
For this category of products, the child will not or hardly hold them. However, they must be designed in such a way that the parent can use them with only one hand. Indeed, children really start to participate in their daily wash around 4 years old. They become independent and learn the different parts of their body around the age of 5. Until this age, the adult will have to supervise the child’s toilet.
Occupational therapy from 6 to 9 years old: beginning of primary school
For this age range, the child becomes more and more independent in making his own toilet. Learning about good hygiene practices is a key step in the child’s development, to have playful packaging with an educational contribution will definitely help!
Occupational therapy from 10 to 12 years old: beginning of high school and pre-adolescence
The child gains in maturity, autonomy and independence. He is able to do his toilet activities safely and with more confidence.
* Walloon method: Henri Wallon
“”Agrégé” in philosophy, medical doctor, professor at Collège de France and at l’Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes.” Until 1960, his research focused on psychopathology, pedagogy and applied psychology. After the war, he will focus on the psychology of the disturbed child and psychomotricity. The notion of “dialectical materialism”, borrowed from the German philosopher and economist Karl Heinrich Marx (1818-1883), will provide him with a framework for interpreting the relations between the psychological, the biological and the social. »
Translated from the source: http://psychiatriinfirmiere.free.fr/infirmiere/formation/psychiatrie/enfant/therapie/wallon.htm